Friday, December 2, 2016

MAS Faced Off Against Lewis and Clark

Last month the MAS Guardians soccer team was matched up again Lewis and Clark, and Conor Bear captured some of the highlights:

Alex Nelson fights for the ball against a Lewis and Clark player as David Panduro stands ready to make a move.

Isaac Allwin looks up the field to make a pass as the Guardians take the offensive.

Dr. Andrew Cummings chases down a Lewis and Clark player for the ball.

Nelson Cintra pushes towards the opposing goal with fellow Guardian players coming up behind him.

Tai Pham fights to keep the ball inbounds as Dustin Busse comes to help out.

Dustin Busse prepares for a pass.

Isaac Allwin fights to keep the ball away from the Guardians goal.

Joe Schaaf runs with the ball up the field, fighting off an opposing team member.

Jose Lopez Lopez passes the ball to a fellow Guardian to make an attempt on a goal against Lewis and Clark.

David Panduro lines up for a goal attempt.

Jimmy's Barbershop: A Service that Builds Up the Seminary Community

by Brother Jesus Romo

The barbershop at Mount Angel Seminary has become a bonding experience for seminarians.

Even though Jimmy Jimenez, a college II seminarian from the Diocese of Oakland, was already doing haircuts for seminarians last year, his service for the community is more official this year.  Jimmy has an assigned room in the basement of Anselm building, which is now the barbershop of the seminary.

He also has a professional chair and three big mirrors which Fr. Terry Tompkins, a formator and teacher at Mount Angel Seminary from the Diocese of Oakland, donated.  Jimmy also bought clippers which makes him more efficient to serve the community.

Jimmy working on a haircut for Dustin Busse.

 A selection of Jimmy's tools

By having a specific room it is easier for people to approach Jimmy, and the place where it is located is appropriate for building community.  Because the tennis table, the pool table, and the laundry room are next to the barbershop, people can be playing or doing laundry and hanging out while they are waiting for their turn.

Why did Jimmy begin cutting hair?  In his family there are only boys, so his dad stopped taking them to the barbershop because it was too pricey.  Jimmy’s father told them that he was going to buy equipment and one of them had to learn to cut hair.  Jimmy was the brave one that began his career as a barber with his brothers as his “guinea pigs."

The service that Jimmy is doing for the seminary community has been an enriching experience for him because, as he said, “it helps me to build the bridge with seminarians.”

He has the opportunity to talk to seminarians that he would not normally have the chance to converse with in regular settings.  For example, it is not usual for him to have a conversation with some seminarians that are in theology.  Jimmy said that the time he is at the barbershop allows him to have deeper conversations than usual with the seminarians.

“It is like a bonding experience,” Jimmy said.  He gets to know the seminarians better and they get to know him more.  They share their vocational stories, and they even pray together.
 
Because seminarians like Jimmy’s work, he is usually busy.  Hernan Wences, a College II seminarian from the Diocese of Orange said “I think he is really good at cutting hair.”  Hernan’s experience at Jimmy’s barbershop “has been really good; that’s why I keep going to him.”

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

College Students Help with Food Drive

by Anthony Rizo

On October 8, the College One seminarians went to help Silverton Area Community Aid (SACA) sort food for those who are in need in their annual food drive.  The process was simple, with people bringing in bags filled with different kinds of food, including cereal, canned soup, rice and pasta. There were also some personal items like soap and toilet paper.

We sorted the products into categories and placed them at a table labeled for those products  One person was at each table placing the products neatly into a box, and we had one person going around collecting these boxes and bringing them to the packaging table.  There the boxes were taped up and labeled.  Finally, a person with a trolley stacked a couple boxes and took them downstairs to be organized. We did this until noon, and during our time there, we talked with the locals of Silverton and became familiar with the community.

As we were working, all of us noticed that the people were part of different religions; but we all had the same goal to serve those in need. The community was nice overall and asked us about seminary and why we chose this path. After the food drive, we met at a park close by to talk about our experience during our ministry. We all got the same out of it, knowing that helping someone in need is beautiful. Even though we could not see who we were helping out, the thought of someone receiving food just made us happy.

Monday, November 7, 2016

Preach the Gospel, If Necessary Use Pokemon?

 by Dominic Sternhagen

What could Pokémon possibly have to do with the Gospel?  On Tuesday, October 18th the Mount Angel Seminary Debate Club met to explore this very question.  The resolution was: Pokémon GO is conducive to evangelization, with the team The Novitiates, guided by Professor Mark Woolman, defending the resolution, and the team The Second Cummings, guided by Dr. Andrew Cummings, opposing.

Pokémon GO, as many of you are perhaps aware, is a very popular game played on a smart phone. But unlike many such games, it is necessary for players to move around in the real world to find and capture the virtual creatures called Pokémon.

There are also supply stations that are attached to real-world places, and players must stop at these places to secure items they will need. This aspect of the game is what makes the discussion so relevant, as even on our hilltop, all the Stations of the Cross have been designated by the makers of the game as stations (or as they are called in the game, PokeStops), where items may be found.

So many kids (and some who are no longer kids) come to a place like Mount Angel Abbey, it would seem, not in search of God, but of Pokémon. Therefore the question must be asked, is this good? Bad? Is this an opportunity or is it a problem?

The Two Debate Teams

Both teams made excellent points on both sides of this question. The Novitiates argued that the Church has always met people where they are, has always gone into people’s real world, and brought them the Gospel. If this is where people are, we must go there and find ways to use this medium to bring them the message of the Gospel. No matter what has drawn them to a place like our hilltop, God can use this to bring them to a deeper encounter with Himself.

Further, if we condemn or turn them away for this reason, what message do they receive about God and his Church? They will feel that the Church does not understand or care about what they care about, and will be less likely than ever to have anything to do with it.

The Second Cummings countered that reality itself is sacramental, and God uses it to speak to us, but when we encounter the world through the lens of a smartphone, as seems to be more and more the case, true encounter is more and more lacking. In the place of sacramental encounters and authentic relationships, we are increasingly living in an artificial realm of our own construction, interacting not with people but the virtual avatars of what they wish they could be.

Our mission cannot therefore be to encourage this dehumanizing trend, but rather help people free themselves from it, and through liturgy, the sacraments, and a renewed appreciation of the beauty of reality and human relationships, enter into an authentic encounter with God and others.

The conclusion that I took from this discussion, and which I hope others reached as well, was that there is a real and urgent need to understand and reach out to the world in which people live, but that the Gospel message must not be confined to this world.

The message of the Gospel is always something radically different that, yes, meets us where we are, but transcends and elevates our limited reality to unimaginable heights. I believe the motto of Abbot Jeremy Driscoll, “seek the things that are above,” offers us a much-needed corrective. We must reach out to everyone, the Pokémon players included, but we must lead them, and must ourselves turn the eyes of our hearts ever upward to things which far surpass this world, or any virtual re-imaginings of it.

Even if evangelization begins with a search for Pokémon, it can never stop until it arrives at its ultimate and eternal destination, which surpasses all worlds, virtual or otherwise.

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Guardians Face Off Against COCC

Photos by Conor Baer

The MAS Guardians soccer team traveled to Bend this weekend to play again Central Oregon Community College.  An game earlier in the season again COCC resulted in a win for the Guardians, but this weekend's game was a defeat.

Isaac Allwin (center) and David Pandero (right) working against COCC.

Alex Nelson with goalie Peter Murphy
 
Brody Stewart attempting to capture a kick from COCC.

Hernan Wences working in front of the MAS goal.

Missionaries of the Holy Spirit Host an Hour of Prayer for Vocations

by Brother Jesus Romo, MSpS

"The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest" (Mt. 9, 37-38).  Following Jesus’ command, The Missionaries of the Holy Spirit (MSpS) Felix Rougier House of Studies community in Mount Angel, Ore. prepared a holy hour to pray for vocations on the 23rd of September.  We had a very positive response from the people who were invited, and the event had a positive impact on them.

People praying for vocations in the plaza of the House of Studies

Since the MSpS are involved in the life of Mount Angel Seminary, one priest as a formator and teacher, three priests as spiritual directors, and four as students, we extended the invitation to the holy hour to the seminary community.  About twenty seminarians actively participated in this event even though the weather was not the best.

From 8:00 to 9:00 p.m.,roughly two hundred people from the Portland area and seminarians from Mount Angel Seminary were gathered to pray for vocations to religious life and to the priesthood.  The prayer was done in a Taize style; therefore, candles, icons and Taize songs were part of our prayer before the Blessed Sacrament.  Since the prayer was held outdoors, we lit many candles on the floor and around the icons, which helped to create an ambience of stillness and peace.

Prayer in front of the Blessed Sacrament and the icons of Venerables Fr. Felix De Jesus Rougier and Conception Cabrera De Armida, the founders of the MSpS

Andre Sicard, a College II seminarian from the Diocese of Salt Lake, played the piano for the holy hour.  He said that the setup was outstanding and important for the event since “the setting itself really helped a lot of people to enter into the prayer.”
   
Andre mentioned that since part of our charism as MSpS is to support and pray for priests and seminarians “that [the event] was a good outreach of your charism for the whole community.”
 
Another goal for the holy hour, besides to pray for vocations, was to help the lay people be aware that promoting vocations is their task as well.  Rev. Alex Rubio, MSpS, a member of our religious community and spiritual director at Mount Angel Seminary, was in charge of organizing the event.  He said that “for our congregation, the Missionaries of the Holy Spirit, and for the entire church, vocations are very important.”
 
Fr. Rubio also said: “It was very inspiring for me to see people truly entering into ambience of prayer [and] people were asking us, at the end of the event, when is the next one?”  We are planning to have the holy hour for vocations once a year.

Wednesday, October 12, 2016

Preparing Himself to Serve: A Hilltop Profile of Br. Joseph Mary Tran, OCD

by Br. Jesus Romo, MSpS

Br. Joseph Mary Tran belongs to the Discalced Carmelite Friars, and he is currently studying in Pre-Theology II at Mount Angel Seminary.  Three main things move him to give the best of himself in the academic formation: work for the salvation of souls, being able to help others, and trying to do the will of God.

Seminary Formation

Br. Joseph Mary really likes to study at Mount Angel Seminary because of the ambience of peace and prayer.  For him this aspect is really important, as he mentioned that “this place helps you not only to study but also to pray and through prayer get the strength to do your studies.”

Brother Joseph Mary Tran

Br. Joseph Mary said that communication will be very important for his future priestly ministry; therefore, during his academic formation he has been taking some courses to help him communicate in a better way.  For example, he took grammar classes last year to improve his writing skills, and he is currently taking Fundamentals of Speech to help him deliver clear messages to the people he will minister to in the future.

His interest in becoming a better public speaker is noticeable to Ms. Kathy Akiyama, his Fundamentals of Speech professor. Ms. Akiyama mentioned that he is not required to take this course; however, “it is impressive how motivated he is to improve his public speaking,” she said.

A good speaker is the one who knows who his audience is and what they need to hear. Ms. Akiyama said that Br. Joseph Mary is already a good public speaker because he is not individualistic but he thinks about who his audience is.    

She considers Br. Joseph Mary a hard worker and responsible student since “as a result of his motivation he does everything on time and he is always in the classroom early.”

It is not difficult for Br. Joseph Mary to interact with people, and he is a community-oriented person. This aspect of his personality will be beneficial in his formation and for his ministry as a future priest.

He also knows how to deal with different personalities because he has experience working in customer service.  Br. Joseph Mary worked as a systems engineer for five years in a company called Dimension Data.  There he had the opportunity to answer phone calls and also present computer programs to customers.

Due to his experience as a systems engineer he has the ability to operate different computer programs, and he is very good at using technology.  Br. Joseph Mary recognizes this ability as a gift from God which he uses to help other seminarians, showing them how to use different computer programs and fixing technical problems.

He is an open-minded person who desires to work with different cultures and in different languages.  He took two semesters of Spanish classes last year, and he desires to continue learning the language in order to be able to celebrate Mass, hear confessions and give spiritual direction in Spanish.

Some Challenges

Br. Joseph Mary has been a student in Mount Angel Seminary since the fall of 2015.  Because he had a bachelor degree he began his academic studies in Pre-Theology, and he is still taking three philosophy courses.

He recognizes that philosophy is a challenge for him since he prefers not to get into arguments. Because of this he has to put in extra effort in order to develop philosophical skills.

Br. Joseph Mary finds his writing difficult because it takes him a lot of time.  “I find it difficult to put my ideas out on paper,” he mentioned.

To help his formation, the seminary assigned Br. Joseph Mary a ministry at St. Mary’s Parish in Mount Angel where he is going to be working with a high school youth group once a week.  The youth group works with a program called Alpha which allows the youth to share their opinions about the Catholic faith in small groups.

He will be facilitating the opportunity for the youth to participate, and he might have to lead one of the small groups.  This is Br. Joseph Mary’s first time serving in a youth group; therefore, he feels challenged but at the same time excited and grateful for this opportunity to learn from young people.

Wednesday, October 5, 2016

A Brief Reflection on the Year of Mercy

by Dominic Sternhagen

Editor's Note: One of Mount Angel Seminary's Theology One students, Dominic Sternhagen studying for the Diocese of Salt Lake, offers this reflection on the Year of Mercy.  It will also be published in Utah's Catholic paper, Intermountain Catholic.

What is your favorite image of mercy? The prodigal son? An image of the Good Shepherd? Christ feeding the multitudes, or welcoming children?

All of these are beautiful, and I love them all, but my personal favorite is the cross. The cross, because here we see mercy that holds nothing back, that gives everything, even life. Christ did not do some nice things, he did everything he could for those whom he loved.

Saint Teresa of Kolkata, the saint of this Year of Mercy, said in her acceptance speech on receiving the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize that we have to give until it hurts.

True love, true mercy, is not easy. Love means becoming vulnerable to others, putting oneself at risk. But without love, there is no mercy, only tolerance. In my experience, it is relatively easy to give money, but much harder to give of ourselves, to look the people that are left for dead by the sides of our streets in the eye and love them, as the good Samaritan did.

But this is the mercy that we are called to give this year: to reach out, reach out to those whom we left by the roadside of our lives, estranged family or friends. To mend relationships, give of ourselves to those most in need. Love.

The cross hangs, often forgotten, in the shadows of our churches and our lives. Too often I see only an ornament and forget the magnitude and the love of that sacrifice. I know how far I am from following the example of love without limits that is contained in the image of those simple crossed beams and that broken body, but I am inspired by it. I am inspired to follow it, inspired to give everything I can, or at least to try, like Him, to become mercy.

Monday, September 12, 2016

Mount Angel Seminary Begins Its 128th Year of Forming Men for the Priesthood of Jesus Christ

By Phillip J. Shifflet; Photos by Br. Lorenzo Conocido, OSB

St. Benedict, Ore. – In the opening verses of his Holy Rule, St. Benedict urges monks to pray to Christ the Lord most earnestly to bring every good work they begin to completion. Faithful to his exhortation, the monks, seminarians, faculty, staff, and friends of Mount Angel Abbey and Seminary gathered on Monday, August 29, to celebrate the Mass of the Holy Spirit, thereby inaugurating the seminary’s 128th academic year.

Abbot Jeremy Driscoll, OSB, processes in, followed by seminarians from the Diocese of San Diego, Deacons Nathan McWeeney and Bill Zondler III.

Abbot Jeremy preaches his homily.

The recently-elected Abbot Jeremy Driscoll, OSB, celebrated the Mass in the Abbey Church, during which the Holy Spirit was invoked upon the endeavors of the coming year. Monsignor Joseph Betschart, President-Rector of the seminary; Abbot Peter Eberle, OSB, and Fr. Terry Tompkins, Vice Rectors; and other priests from the abbey and various religious communities concelebrated. Ethan Alano and Luke Stager, seminarians for the Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon, and Phillip Shifflet, a seminarian for the Diocese of Orange in California, served as cantors.

Following over three months of summer vacation, during which students return to their home dioceses for pastoral assignments, Abbot Jeremy began his homily with these words: “How beautiful it is to see the church so full of students, new and returning, with Msgr. Betschart at the helm, along with professors, formation directors, spiritual directors, support staff of every kind, other hilltop employees, friends, volunteers, and at the center of it all, this monastic community. As Flannery O’Connor once rightly remarked of the Catholic Church, ‘Here comes everybody.’”

Commenting on the significance of invoking the Holy Spirit, Abbot Jeremy said that it is “a gift that is always given when asked for in faith. What does the Spirit look like? How will we know if it has been given? Ah! there will be all sorts of ways . . . many different gifts and manifestations. That is Mount Angel! Mount Angel Abbey and Seminary hard at work on any given day. A place full of gifts that differ but, says St. Paul, one and the same Spirit produces all of these. This is the Holy Spirit, for whom we are praying at the opening of this school year.”

Following the Mass, Dr. Seymour B. House, Associate Dean for the Graduate School of Theology and professor of church history and literature, delivered the Inaugural Address. Entitled “The Trouble with Facts,” Dr. House presented a comically brilliant reflection on the nature and pitfalls of historical narrative. “We all think of facts,” Dr. House said, “as things that are true, some sort of absolute real, like the speed of light or the number of players on a baseball team. Or facts are things that have happened in the past, like the birthday of Henry VIII or the discovery of radium. But they can also be things that didn’t happen, like the dog that didn’t bark in chapter sixteen of The Odyssey, or the missing 18.5 minutes of the Nixon tapes, or the marriage of Elizabeth I. So facts are things that happened or didn’t happen or happened but we only know about it because they’re missing. Already we’re on slippery slope.”

Dr. Seymour House delivers his Inaugural Address.

“Facts are not simple. We want them to add up to something, but we don’t agree what that should be.” Speaking from his vantage point in the field of history, Dr. House remarked, “Historians select and arrange facts to tell stories, to say something truthful, but once you have to start choosing about what to include and what to forgo, your story loses some of its scope, some of its range. It becomes less like life, and more like a story.”

In the afternoon, Msgr. Betschart gave his first Rector’s Conference of the year; and in the evening, gathering after Vespers, the entire hilltop community enjoyed a community barbeque on the lawn in front of the Abbey Church.

Mount Angel Seminary began forming men for the priesthood in 1889 and is now the oldest and largest seminary in the western United States, and the only seminary in the West that offers both a college and a graduate school of theology.  Since its inception 128 years ago, MAS has educated and formed thousands of priests, and many qualified religious and lay men and women as well, for service to the people of God in nearly 100 dioceses and religious communities across the country and around the world.

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Mount Angel Seminary Celebrates 127th Commencement Exercises

by Phillip J. Shifflet

“The fields are ripe! O bless the Lord, our God!” echoed through the Abbey Church as Mount Angel Seminary (MAS) celebrated its annual Baccalaureate Mass and Commencement Exercises at the end of its 127th year of forming men for the priesthood of Jesus Christ.

On Friday, May 13th at 4pm, students, faculty, staff, family, and friends of the seminary gathered with the monastic community to celebrate the Baccalaureate Mass in the Abbey Church. The Reverend Stephen Clovis, Vice-President for Administration and Director of Pastoral Formation, served as the principal celebrant and delivered the homily. Myrna Keough and the Seminary Liturgical Choir provided music for the Mass, which included Kevin Allen's polyphonic composition of "Domine Non Sum Dignus."

Fr. Clovis opened his homily with an oft-repeated saying of Pope St. John Paul II: "In the plans of Divine Providence, there are no coincidences." He quoted from the late Roman Pontiff because the Gospel reading used for the Baccalaureate Mass was not specially chosen for the event - rather, it happened to be the reading from the Lectionary for the day. In the reading from St. John's Gospel, Jesus asks Peter three times, "Do you love me?" Fr. Clovis further commented, "It's a Gospel that's incredibly rich, offering us a deep source from which to draw great spiritual insight."

In his homily, Fr. Clovis reflected on the importance of three words from the Gospel reading, "words that elevate the exchange between Jesus and Peter from what might first appear to be an interrogation of sorts, to a level of personal encounter with profound implications." These words were "you," "me," and "my." Seemingly insignificant, but rich with meaning. Fr. Clovis ended his reflection by exhorting both the graduates and congregants: "May all you do, may all you are, may all you proclaim in word and deed be a resounding 'yes' to the one who calls you in love to care for those he calls his own. And in all things, may God be glorified in you."

The Commencement Exercises were held the next day, Saturday, May 14th at 10am.

The Most Reverend J. Peter Sartain, Archbishop of Seattle, delivered the commencement address. He began his address with a question: "Who's wise?” “Wisdom," he went on to say, "is not necessarily the product of a lot of education... Sometimes wisdom is expressed in eloquent words, and other times it's expressed in silence." Given these considerations on wisdom, one might rightly ask: where, then, does true wisdom come from? Archbishop Sartain gives the answer: "True wisdom comes from relationship with Jesus, one that's fed by prayer and humble ongoing conversion." He ended his address on a hortatory note: "Your conversion will demonstrate your wisdom, who is Jesus. Your conversion will make you hunger and thirst for a deeper understanding of what you have learned at Mount Angel... May Jesus be praised and glorified in all we do. And may our serving and striving after him make us wise."

G.P. Palestrina’s composition of “Sicut Cervus” was performed as a musical interlude by Mount Angel Polyphony, an a capella group comprised of seminarians Ethan Alano, Tim Meurer, Raymond Philip Napuli, Phillip Shifflet, and Luke Stager. The Reverend Mister Anthony Ahamefule, a graduate of the seminary Theology program for the Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon, delivered the annual senior farewell. Msgr. Betschart gave the final remarks, and the Right Reverend Jeremy Driscoll, OSB, the newly-elected Abbot of Mount Angel Abbey, imparted the final blessing upon the graduates and congregants.

Mount Angel Seminary offers undergraduate degrees in Philosophy, with possible double majors in Literature or Religious Studies. At the graduate level, the seminary offers the Master of Divinity degree and Master of Arts degrees in Philosophy and Sacred Theology, as well as the Baccalaureate in Sacred Theology degree offered in affiliation with the Pontifical Athenaeum of Sant’ Anselmo in Rome, Italy. This year, the seminary granted 17 undergraduate degrees and 29 graduate degrees to seminarians, religious and lay students from around the United States and the Pacific Islands. Additionally, three seminarians received certificates of completion for the pre-theology program.

Mount Angel Seminary, established by pioneer monks, began forming men for the priesthood in 1889. MAS is the oldest and largest seminary in the western United States, and the only seminary in the West that offers both a college and a graduate school of theology.  Since its inception 127 years ago, MAS has educated and formed thousands of priests for service to the people of God in nearly 100 dioceses and religious communities across the country and around the world.

Mount Angel Seminary – Graduating Class of 2016

Bachelor of Arts:  
Oscar Luis Anaya Cuevas - Fresno
Huong Dinh - Oakland
Ryan Paul Dixon - Fresno
Gerson Alfonso Espinosa Velasco - Portland in Oregon
Emilio Gonzalez - Fresno
Jesús Gonzalez - Reno
Neil Giancarlo Frivaldo Guan - Las Vegas
Randy Hoáng - Portland in Oregon
Br. Timothy Kalange OSB - Mount Angel Abbey
Brian Kim - Orange
Walter Martinez - Fresno
Br. Rudolfo Martinez Guevara MSpS - Missionaries of the Holy Spirit
Peter Joseph Murphy - Boise
Luis Alejandro Núñez Lara - Monterey
Nicholas Lee Paige-Schneider - Baker
Eseese Filipo Tui - Honolulu
James Wallace - Juneau
   
Pre-Theology Certificate of Completion:  
Joshua Daniel Falce - Boise
Junghoon Park - Seattle
Br. Benjamin Dinh Tran OSB - Mount Angel Abbey

Master of Arts (Philosophy):
Ethan Kevin Alano - Portland in Oregon
Br. John Cannon III OCD - Discalced Carmelites
Cheeyoon Timothy Chun - Orange
Joshua Thomas Keatley - Portland in Oregon
 
Master of Divinity:
Anthony Chijioke Ahamefule - Portland in Oregon
John Janer Becerra - Portland in Oregon
Alexander A. Estrella - Sacramento
Arjie Dacua Garcia - Portland in Oregon
Edgardo Josué Garcia Valazquez - Sacramento
Br. John Vianney Lê OSB - Mount Angel Abbey
Juan Jesus Maldonado - Fresno
Joseph Huân Nguyen - Orange
Cody Lane Ross - Seattle
Cesar Solorio Maldonado - Fresno
Derek Wayne Twilliger - San Diego
Mark W. Uhlenkott - Boise
Tetzel Ballogan Umingli - Portland in Oregon
Leon J. Vigil - Santa Fe
Cody J. Williams - Helena

Master of Arts (Theology):
Anthony Chijioke Ahamefule - Portland in Oregon
Andres M. Emanuelli Perez - Sacramento
William Bradley Hall
John Kucera - Boise